澳门在线威尼斯官方 > 电脑操作 > Linux(centos 7)配置tomcat8、JDK1.8、lighttpd、ngnix、

原标题:Linux(centos 7)配置tomcat8、JDK1.8、lighttpd、ngnix、

浏览次数:103 时间:2020-01-01

                                                  JDK

下载好后接收 rpm -ivh jdk-7u25-linux-x64.rpm 进展设置。

设置好后编辑 /etc/profile 文件,在最终加上:

 

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export JAVA_HOME="/usr/java/jdk1.7.0_25"

export CLASSPATH=.:$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/rt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/dt.jar:$JAVA_HOME/lib/tools.jar

export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin

接下来保留退出,接着使用以下命令让遭遇变量生效:

Shell

 

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source /etc/profile

最后施行 javac 命令以检讨是还是不是科学配置。

centos7下tomcat7 或tomcat8运维比比较快原因

1,找到你的jdk安装的职责

[html] view plain copy

  1. ${JAVA_HOME}/jre/lib/security/java.security  

 

2,vi 展开后找到

[html] view plain copy

  1. securerandom.source=file:/dev/urandom  

 

修改

[html] view plain copy

  1. securerandom.source=file:/dev/./urandom  

3,重新起动tomcat就好了

 

 

Reference-link:

http://www.cnblogs.com/suiyueqiannian/p/6060951.html?utm_source=itdadao&utm_medium=referral

 

 

 

Tomcat

下载好安装包,解压到/home/apache-tomcat-7.0.67下

(解压
tar –xvf file.tar //解压 tar包
tar -xzvf file.tar.gz //解压tar.gz
tar -xjvf file.tar.bz2   //解压 tar.bz2
tar –xZvf file.tar.Z   //解压tar.Z
unrar e file.rar //解压rar
unzip file.zip //解压zip

)

 

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# 进入Tomcat安装目录下的bin目录

cd /home/apache-tomcat-7.0.67/bin

 

# 解压commons-daemon-native.tar.gz

tar zxvf commons-daemon-native.tar.gz

 

cd commons-daemon-1.0.15-native-src/unix

 

# 这里需要gcc、make等编译工具,如果没有指定JAVA_HOME环境变量,则需要 --with-java= 参数指定jdk目录

./configure

 

Eg   ./configure --with-java=/usr/java/jdk1.8.0_141

 

 

# 上一步成功后,make

make

 

# make后,会在当前文件夹下生成一个名为 js<a class="keylink" href="http://www.2cto.com/kf/ware/vc/" target="_blank">vc</a> 的文件,将其复制到$CATALINA_HOME/bin目录

cp jsvc ../../

 

# 添加一个用来运行Tomcat的用户

useradd tomcat -M -d / -s /usr/sbin/nologin

 

# 回到$CATALINA_HOME/bin目录下

cd ../../

 

# 接下来便是修改$CATALINA_HOME/bin目录下的 daemon.sh 文件

# 设置其中的

TOMCAT_USER=tomcat

JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jdk1.7.0_79

 

# 如果$CATALINA_HOME/bin下的*.sh文件没有运行权限,则为其添加运行权限

chmod +x *.sh

 

# 设置$CATALINE_HOME文件夹及其所有子文件Owner为tomcat

chown -R tomcat:tomcat /home/apache-tomcat-7.0.67

 

# 启动Tomcat

daemon.sh start

./daemon.sh start

 

设置Tomcat为Service

 

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# 创建 $CATALINA_HOME/bin/daemon.sh 的一个链接到 /etc/init.d/ 下,service名为tomcat7

ln -s /home/apache-tomcat-7.0.67/bin/daemon.sh /etc/init.d/tomcat7

 

# 启动Tomcat

/etc/init.d/tomcat7 start

# 或者

service tomcat7 start

安装Tomcat开机自运转(前提是已经设置汤姆cat为Service卡塔尔

 

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# 设置开机自启动

update-rc.d tomcat7 defaults

 

# 取消开机自启动

update-rc.d tomcat7 remove

 

 

MySQL

 

[root@iZ28gvqe4biZ ~]# rpm -Uvh
获取
准备中...                          ################################# [100%]
正在进步/安装...
   1:mysql-community-release-el7-5    ################################# [100%]

其不经常候查看当前可用的mysql安装财富:

[root@iZ28gvqe4biZ ~]# yum repolist enabled | grep "mysql.*-community.*"
mysql-connectors-community/x86_64 MySQL Connectors Community                  17
mysql-tools-community/x86_64      MySQL Tools Community                       31
mysql56-community/x86_64          MySQL 5.6 Community Server                 199

相仿的话,只要安装mysql-server跟mysql-client
本条时候大家得以一贯使用yum的艺术安装MySQL了

[root@iZ28gvqe4biZ ~]# yum -y install mysql-community-server
已加载插件:langpacks
正在解决重视关系
--> 正在检查作业
---> 软件包 mysql-community-server.x86_64.0.5.6.28-2.el7 将被 安装
--> 正在管理依赖关系 mysql-community-common(x86-64卡塔尔= 5.6.28-2.el7,它被软件包 mysql-community-server-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64 需要
--> 正在管理依赖关系 mysql-community-client(x86-64卡塔尔(قطر‎ = 5.6.28-2.el7,它被软件包 mysql-community-server-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64 需要
--> 正在管理依赖关系 perl(DBI卡塔尔国,它被软件包 mysql-community-server-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64 需要
--> 正在检查事务
---> 软件包 mysql-community-client.x86_64.0.5.6.28-2.el7 将被 安装
--> 正在管理依赖关系 mysql-community-libs(x86-64卡塔尔(قطر‎ = 5.6.28-2.el7,它被软件包 mysql-community-client-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64 需要
---> 软件包 mysql-community-common.x86_64.0.5.6.28-2.el7 将被 安装
---> 软件包 perl-DBI.x86_64.0.1.627-4.el7 将被 安装
--> 正在管理正视关系 perl(RPC::PlServer卡塔尔(قطر‎ >= 0.二零零零,它被软件包 perl-DBI-1.627-4.el7.x86_64 需要
--> 正在管理注重关系 perl(RPC::PlClientState of Qatar >= 0.二零零一,它被软件包 perl-DBI-1.627-4.el7.x86_64 需要
--> 正在检查作业
---> 软件包 mariadb-libs.x86_64.1.5.5.40-1.el7_0 将被 取代
---> 软件包 mysql-community-libs.x86_64.0.5.6.28-2.el7 将被 舍弃
---> 软件包 perl-PlRPC.noarch.0.0.2020-14.el7 将被 安装
--> 正在管理正视关系 perl(Net::Daemon卡塔尔国 >= 0.13,它被软件包 perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch 急需
--> 正在管理依赖关系 perl(Net::Daemon::Test卡塔尔,它被软件包 perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch 亟需
--> 正在管理注重关系 perl(Net::Daemon::Log卡塔尔国,它被软件包 perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch 须求
--> 正在管理重视关系 perl(Compress::Zlib卡塔尔(قطر‎,它被软件包 perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch 内需
--> 正在检查事务
---> 软件包 perl-IO-Compress.noarch.0.2.061-2.el7 将被 安装
--> 正在处理正视关系 perl(Compress::Raw::Zlib卡塔尔 >= 2.061,它被软件包 perl-IO-Compress-2.061-2.el7.noarch 需求
--> 正在管理信任关系 perl(Compress::Raw::Bzip2卡塔尔国 >= 2.061,它被软件包 perl-IO-Compress-2.061-2.el7.noarch 须要
---> 软件包 perl-Net-Daemon.noarch.0.0.48-5.el7 将被 安装
--> 正在检查事务
---> 软件包 perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2.x86_64.0.2.061-3.el7 将被 安装
---> 软件包 perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib.x86_64.1.2.061-4.el7 将被 安装
--> 废除信任关系达成

依附关系消除

==============================================================================================

 Package                       架构         版本                源                       大小

正在设置:
 mysql-community-libs          x86_64       5.6.28-2.el7        mysql56-community       2.0 M
      替换  mariadb-libs.x86_64 1:5.5.40-1.el7_0
 mysql-community-server        x86_64       5.6.28-2.el7        mysql56-community        58 M
为依靠而设置:
 mysql-community-client        x86_64       5.6.28-2.el7        mysql56-community        19 M
 mysql-community-common        x86_64       5.6.28-2.el7        mysql56-community       256 k
 perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2       x86_64       2.061-3.el7         base                     32 k
 perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib        x86_64       1:2.061-4.el7       base                     57 k
 perl-DBI                      x86_64       1.627-4.el7         base                    802 k
 perl-IO-Compress              noarch       2.061-2.el7         base                    260 k
 perl-Net-Daemon               noarch       0.48-5.el7          base                     51 k
 perl-PlRPC                    noarch       0.2020-14.el7       base                     36 k

事务概要

安装  2 软件包 (+8 信任软件包卡塔尔

总下载量:80 M
Downloading packages:
警告:/var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/mysql56-community/packages/mysql-community-common-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64.rpm: 头V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, 密钥 ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
mysql-community-common-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64.rpm 的公钥尚未安装
(1/10): mysql-community-common-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64.rpm                 | 256 kB  00:00:14     
(2/10): mysql-community-libs-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64.rpm                   | 2.0 MB  00:02:57     
(3/10): perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib-2.061-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                  |  57 kB  00:00:00     
(4/10): perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2-2.061-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                 |  32 kB  00:00:00     
(5/10): perl-IO-Compress-2.061-2.el7.noarch.rpm                        | 260 kB  00:00:00     
(6/10): perl-Net-Daemon-0.48-5.el7.noarch.rpm                          |  51 kB  00:00:00     
(7/10): perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch.rpm  
(8/10): perl-DBI-1.627-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                                | 802 kB  00:00:00     
(9/10): mysql-community-server-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64.rpm                 |  58 MB  00:54:45     
(10/10): mysql-community-client-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64.rpm                |  19 MB  00:20:42     
总计                                                           13 kB/s |  80 MB  01:45:50     
从 file:/etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql 检索密钥
导入 GPG key 0x5072E1F5:
 用户ID     : "MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>"
 指纹       : a4a9 4068 76fc bd3c 4567 70c8 8c71 8d3b 5072 e1f5
 软件包     : mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch (installed)
 来自       : file:/etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
告诫:RPM 数据库已被非 yum 程序改进。
  正在安装    : mysql-community-common-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64                               1/11 
  正在设置    : mysql-community-libs-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64                                 2/11 
  正在设置    : mysql-community-client-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64                               3/11 
  正在安装    : 1:perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib-2.061-4.el7.x86_64                              4/11 
  正在设置    : perl-Net-Daemon-0.48-5.el7.noarch                                        5/11 
  正在设置    : perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2-2.061-3.el7.x86_64                               6/11 
  正在安装    : perl-IO-Compress-2.061-2.el7.noarch                                      7/11 
  正在安装    : perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch                                          8/11 
  正在安装    : perl-DBI-1.627-4.el7.x86_64                                              9/11 
  正在设置    : mysql-community-server-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64                              10/11 
  正在删除    : 1:mariadb-libs-5.5.40-1.el7_0.x86_64                                    11/11 
  验证中      : perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2-2.061-3.el7.x86_64                               1/11 
  验证中      : perl-Net-Daemon-0.48-5.el7.noarch                                        2/11 
  验证中      : mysql-community-common-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64                               3/11 
  验证中      : perl-IO-Compress-2.061-2.el7.noarch                                      4/11 
  验证中      : mysql-community-libs-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64                                 5/11 
  验证中      : mysql-community-client-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64                               6/11 
  验证中      : 1:perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib-2.061-4.el7.x86_64                              7/11 
  验证中      : perl-DBI-1.627-4.el7.x86_64                                              8/11 
  验证中      : mysql-community-server-5.6.28-2.el7.x86_64                               9/11 
  验证中      : perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch                                         10/11 
  验证中      : 1:mariadb-libs-5.5.40-1.el7_0.x86_64                                    11/11 

已安装:
  mysql-community-libs.x86_64 0:5.6.28-2.el7   mysql-community-server.x86_64 0:5.6.28-2.el7  

作为凭仗被设置:
  mysql-community-client.x86_64 0:5.6.28-2.el7  mysql-community-common.x86_64 0:5.6.28-2.el7 
  perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2.x86_64 0:2.061-3.el7  perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib.x86_64 1:2.061-4.el7  
  perl-DBI.x86_64 0:1.627-4.el7                 perl-IO-Compress.noarch 0:2.061-2.el7        
  perl-Net-Daemon.noarch 0:0.48-5.el7           perl-PlRPC.noarch 0:0.2020-14.el7            

替代:
  mariadb-libs.x86_64 1:5.5.40-1.el7_0                                                        

完毕!

安装完的配备

投入开机运营

[root@iZ28gvqe4biZ ~]# systemctl enable mysqld

开发银行mysql服务进程

[root@iZ28gvqe4biZ ~]# systemctl start mysqld

重新设置密码

[root@iZ28gvqe4biZ ~]# mysql_secure_installation

NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
      SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE!  PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MySQL, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none): 
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] y        [设置root顾客密码]
New password: 
Re-enter new password: 
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!

By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y            [删除无名客户]
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] n            [禁止root远程登陆]
 ... skipping.

By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y       [删除test数据库]
 - Dropping test database...
ERROR 1008 (HY000) at line 1: Can't drop database 'test'; database doesn't exist
 ... Failed!  Not critical, keep moving...
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y        [刷新权限]
 ... Success!

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MySQL!

Cleaning up...

 

 

1003错误  授权

在本机先利用root客户登入mysql: mysql -u root -p

"youpassword" 进行授权操作:

mysql>GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'youpassword' WITH GRANT OPTION;

重载授权表:

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

退出mysql数据库:

exit

 

 

 

 

 

报到测量试验

[root@yl-web yl]# mysql -u root -p

 

Enter password:

Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or g.

Your MariaDB connection id is 3

Server version: 5.5.41-MariaDB MariaDB Server

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

新建Hive知识库

//登入MYSQL(有ROOT权限)。这里笔者以ROOT身份登陆
[root@iZ28gvqe4biZ ~]# mysql -u root -p
//首先为客商创制一个数据库hivemeta
mysql  > create database hivemeta;
mysql  > use hivemeta
//授权hdp顾客具有hivemeta数据库的保有权限。
mysql  > grant all privileges on *.* to hdp@"%" identified by "hdp" with grant option;
//刷新系统权限表
mysql  > flush privileges;
mysql  > use hivemeta;
//mysql/hive字符集问题
mysql  > alter database hivemeta character set latin1;

 

MYsql不区分 大小写

 

 

1、用root登录,修改 /etc/my.cnf;
2、在[mysqld]节点下,参加大器晚成行: lower_case_table_names=1
3、重启MySQL即可;

 

Service port服务器端口http://blog.csdn.net/l1028386804/article/details/50779761

 

Itables

 

/etc/sysconfig/iptables  内容

 

 

 

# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.7 on Fri Jan 22 16:43:05 2016

*filter

:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

:FORWARD DROP [0:0]

:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]

-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 2228 -j ACCEPT

-A INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 3128 -j ACCEPT

-A OUTPUT -p tcp -m tcp --sport 22 -j ACCEPT

-A OUTPUT -p tcp -m tcp --sport 80 -j ACCEPT

-A OUTPUT -p tcp -m tcp --sport 3306 -j ACCEPT

-A OUTPUT -p tcp -m tcp --sport 2228 -j ACCEPT

-A OUTPUT -p tcp -m tcp --sport 3128 -j ACCEPT

COMMIT

# Completed on Fri Jan 22 16:43:05 2016

 

 

 

 

 

/etc/ssh/sshd_config

#Port 22

Port 2228

 

centos7 yum 情势安装nginx

 

 

(1卡塔尔(قطر‎使用yum安装nginx需求富含Nginx的库,安装Nginx的库

#rpm -Uvh

(2卡塔尔使用下边三令五申安装nginx

#yum install nginx

(3)启动Nginx

#service nginx start

#systemctl start nginx.service

systemctl stop nginx.service

systemctl restart lighttpd

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ngnix  Server 配置

/etc/nginx/conf.d/com.zero4j.www.conf   内容

#

upstream backend {

server 127.0.0.1:8288;

#server 127.0.0.1:9682 backup;

#ip_hash;

}

 

server {

    listen 443 ssl http2 default_server;

#    listen [::]:443 ssl;

#    server_name _;

    server_name www.zero4j.com;

    root /usr/share/nginx/html;

    

    ssl_certificate ssl/www.zero4j.com.pem;

       ssl_certificate_key ssl/www.zero4j.com.key;

       ssl_session_timeout  10m;

    ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;

    include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;

 

    location / {

proxy_pass  ;

#Proxy Settings

        proxy_redirect     off;

        proxy_set_header   Host             $host;

        proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;

        proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-Proto  $scheme;

        proxy_next_upstream error timeout invalid_header http_502 http_503 http_504;

        proxy_max_temp_file_size 0;

        proxy_connect_timeout      900;

        proxy_send_timeout         900;

        proxy_read_timeout         900;

        proxy_buffer_size          64k;

        proxy_buffers              32 32k;

        proxy_busy_buffers_size    128k;

        proxy_temp_file_write_size 64k;

  

    }

 

}

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Install Lighttpd

接纳包微电脑安装

那边我们因而采纳包微处理器这种最轻松易行的办法来安装 Lighttpd。只需以 sudo 方式在尖峰或调节新北输入上面包车型地铁一声令下就可以。

CentOS 7

出于 CentOS 7.0 官方酒馆中并未提供 Lighttpd,所以我们供给在系统中设置额外的软件源 epel 仓库。使用上面包车型地铁 yum 指令来设置 epel。

# yum install epel-release

下一场,大家供给改良系统及为 Lighttpd 的装置做前置构思。

# yum update

# yum install lighttpd

 

 

 

翻开服务

未来,通过举行 systemctl 指令来重启 Web 服务。

# systemctl start lighttpd

systemctl stop lighttpd

下一场大家将它设置为伴随系统运行自动运转。

# systemctl enable lighttpd

 

Lighttpd    http 跳转 https

/etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf  内容   下一节 /etc/lighttpd/modules.conf  内容

 

 

 

#######################################################################

##

## /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf

##

## check /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/*.conf for the configuration of modules.

##

#######################################################################

 

#######################################################################

##

## Some Variable definition which will make chrooting easier.

##

## if you add a variable here. Add the corresponding variable in the

## chroot example aswell.

##

var.log_root    = "/var/log/lighttpd"

var.server_root = "/srv/www"

var.state_dir   = "/var/run"

var.home_dir    = "/var/lib/lighttpd"

var.conf_dir    = "/etc/lighttpd"

 

##

## run the server chrooted.

##

## This requires root permissions during startup.

##

## If you run Chrooted set the the variables to directories relative to

## the chroot dir.

##

## example chroot configuration:

##

#var.log_root    = "/logs"

#var.server_root = "/"

#var.state_dir   = "/run"

#var.home_dir    = "/lib/lighttpd"

#var.vhosts_dir  = "/vhosts"

#var.conf_dir    = "/etc"

#

#server.chroot   = "/srv/www"

 

##

## Some additional variables to make the configuration easier

##

 

##

## Base directory for all virtual hosts

##

## used in:

## conf.d/evhost.conf

## conf.d/simple_vhost.conf

## vhosts.d/vhosts.template

##

var.vhosts_dir  = server_root + "/vhosts"

 

 

$SERVER["socket"] == ":80" {

#tomcat

$HTTP["host"] == "www.zero4j.com" {

   url.redirect = ( "^/(.*)" => "" )

}

}

 

 

 

 

#$SERVER["socket"] == ":443" {

#$HTTP["scheme"] == "https" {

#

# setenv.add-environment = (

# "HTTPS" => "on"

# )

# ssl.engine = "enable"

# #ssl.use-sslv2 = "disable"  

# #ssl.use-sslv3 = "disable"  

# #ssl.use-compression = "disable"

# ssl.pemfile = "/etc/lighttpd/ssl/sway.com.cn.pem"

#

# #ssl.verifyclient.activate = "enable"

# #ssl.verifyclient.depth = 1

# #ssl.ca-file = "/etc/lighttpd/ssl/sway.com.cn.crt"

#

# setenv.add-request-header = (

# "Host" => "request.com",

# "X-Real-IP" => "120.24.182.145",

# "X-Forwarded-For" => "some.real.ip.address",

# "X-Forwarded-Proto" => "https",

# "X-Forwarded-Protocol" => "https",

# "HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO" => "https",

# "HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTOCOL" => "https",

# "HTTP_SCHEME " => "https",

# "scheme" => "https",

# ":scheme" => "https",

# )

#

# #setenv.add-response-header  = ( "X-Frame-Options" => "DENY")

# setenv.add-response-header  = ( "Strict-Transport-Security" => "max-age=63072000; includeSubdomains; preload")

#

# #ssl.cipher-list = "ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:AES256-SHA256:RC4-SHA:RC4:HIGH:!MD5:!aNULL:!EDH:!AESGCM"

# #ssl.honor-cipher-order = "enable"  

# #ssl.disable-client-renegotiation = "enable"

#

# proxy.balance = "hash"

# proxy.server  = ( "" => ( ( "host" => "127.0.0.1", "port" => 9503 ) ) )

#

#}

##

## Cache for mod_compress

##

## used in:

## conf.d/compress.conf

##

var.cache_dir   = "/var/cache/lighttpd"

 

##

## Base directory for sockets.

##

## used in:

## conf.d/fastcgi.conf

## conf.d/scgi.conf

##

var.socket_dir  = home_dir + "/sockets"

 

##

#######################################################################

 

#######################################################################

##

## Load the modules.

include "modules.conf"

 

##

#######################################################################

 

#######################################################################

##

##  Basic Configuration

## ---------------------

##

server.port = 80

 

##

## Use IPv6?

##

server.use-ipv6 = "disable"

 

##

## bind to a specific IP

##

#server.bind = "localhost"

 

##

## Run as a different username/groupname.

## This requires root permissions during startup.

##

server.username  = "lighttpd"

server.groupname = "lighttpd"

 

##

## enable core files.

##

#server.core-files = "disable"

 

##

## Document root

##

server.document-root = server_root + "/lighttpd"

 

##

## The value for the "Server:" response field.

##

## It would be nice to keep it at "lighttpd".

##

#server.tag = "lighttpd"

 

##

## store a pid file

##

server.pid-file = state_dir + "/lighttpd.pid"

 

##

#######################################################################

 

#######################################################################

##

##  Logging Options

## ------------------

##

## all logging options can be overwritten per vhost.

##

## Path to the error log file

##

server.errorlog             = log_root + "/error.log"

 

##

## If you want to log to syslog you have to unset the

## server.errorlog setting and uncomment the next line.

##

#server.errorlog-use-syslog = "enable"

 

##

## Access log config

##

include "conf.d/access_log.conf"

 

##

## The debug options are moved into their own file.

## see conf.d/debug.conf for various options for request debugging.

##

include "conf.d/debug.conf"

 

##

#######################################################################

 

#######################################################################

##

##  Tuning/Performance

## --------------------

##

## corresponding documentation:

##

##

## set the event-handler (read the performance section in the manual)

##

## possible options on linux are:

##

## select

## poll

## linux-sysepoll

##

## linux-sysepoll is recommended on kernel 2.6.

##

server.event-handler = "linux-sysepoll"

 

##

## The basic network interface for all platforms at the syscalls read()

## and write(). Every modern OS provides its own syscall to help network

## servers transfer files as fast as possible

##

## linux-sendfile - is recommended for small files.

## writev         - is recommended for sending many large files

##

server.network-backend = "linux-sendfile"

 

##

## As lighttpd is a single-threaded server, its main resource limit is

## the number of file descriptors, which is set to 1024 by default (on

## most systems).

##

## If you are running a high-traffic site you might want to increase this

## limit by setting server.max-fds.

##

## Changing this setting requires root permissions on startup. see

## server.username/server.groupname.

##

## By default lighttpd would not change the operation system default.

## But setting it to 2048 is a better default for busy servers.

##

server.max-fds = 2048

 

##

## Stat() call caching.

##

## lighttpd can utilize FAM/Gamin to cache stat call.

##

## possible values are:

## disable, simple or fam.

##

server.stat-cache-engine = "simple"

 

##

## Fine tuning for the request handling

##

## max-connections == max-fds/2 (maybe /3)

## means the other file handles are used for fastcgi/files

##

server.max-connections = 1024

 

##

## How many seconds to keep a keep-alive connection open,

## until we consider it idle.

##

## Default: 5

##

#server.max-keep-alive-idle = 5

 

##

## How many keep-alive requests until closing the connection.

##

## Default: 16

##

#server.max-keep-alive-requests = 16

 

##

## Maximum size of a request in kilobytes.

## By default it is unlimited (0).

##

## Uploads to your server cant be larger than this value.

##

#server.max-request-size = 0

 

##

## Time to read from a socket before we consider it idle.

##

## Default: 60

##

#server.max-read-idle = 60

 

##

## Time to write to a socket before we consider it idle.

##

## Default: 360

##

#server.max-write-idle = 360

 

##

##  Traffic Shaping

## -----------------

##

## see /usr/share/doc/lighttpd/traffic-shaping.txt

##

## Values are in kilobyte per second.

##

## Keep in mind that a limit below 32kB/s might actually limit the

## traffic to 32kB/s. This is caused by the size of the TCP send

## buffer.

##

## per server:

##

#server.kbytes-per-second = 128

 

##

## per connection:

##

#connection.kbytes-per-second = 32

 

##

#######################################################################

 

#######################################################################

##

##  Filename/File handling

## ------------------------

 

##

## files to check for if .../ is requested

## index-file.names            = ( "index.php", "index.rb", "index.html",

##                                 "index.htm", "default.htm" )

##

index-file.names += (

  "index.xhtml", "index.html", "index.htm", "default.htm", "index.php"

)

 

##

## deny access the file-extensions

##

## ~    is for backupfiles from vi, emacs, joe, ...

## .inc is often used for code includes which should in general not be part

##      of the document-root

url.access-deny             = ( "~", ".inc" )

 

##

## disable range requests for pdf files

## workaround for a bug in the Acrobat Reader plugin.

##

$HTTP["url"] =~ ".pdf$" {

  server.range-requests = "disable"

}

 

##

## url handling modules (rewrite, redirect)

##

#url.rewrite                = ( "^/$"             => "/server-status" )

#url.redirect               = ( "^/wishlist/(.+)" => "" )

 

##

## both rewrite/redirect support back reference to regex conditional using %n

##

#$HTTP["host"] =~ "^www.(.*)" {

#  url.redirect            = ( "^/(.*)" => "" )

#}

 

##

## which extensions should not be handle via static-file transfer

##

## .php, .pl, .fcgi are most often handled by mod_fastcgi or mod_cgi

##

static-file.exclude-extensions = ( ".php", ".pl", ".fcgi", ".scgi" )

 

##

## error-handler for status 404

##

#server.error-handler-404   = "/error-handler.html"

#server.error-handler-404   = "/error-handler.php"

 

##

## Format: <errorfile-prefix><status-code>.html

## -> ..../status-404.html for 'File not found'

##

#server.errorfile-prefix    = "/srv/www/htdocs/errors/status-"

 

##

## mimetype mapping

##

include "conf.d/mime.conf"

 

##

## directory listing configuration

##

include "conf.d/dirlisting.conf"

 

##

## Should lighttpd follow symlinks?

##

server.follow-symlink = "enable"

 

##

## force all filenames to be lowercase?

##

#server.force-lowercase-filenames = "disable"

 

##

## defaults to /var/tmp as we assume it is a local harddisk

##

server.upload-dirs = ( "/var/tmp" )

 

##

#######################################################################

 

 

#######################################################################

##

##  SSL Support

## -------------

##

## To enable SSL for the whole server you have to provide a valid

## certificate and have to enable the SSL engine.::

##

##   ssl.engine = "enable"

##   ssl.pemfile = "/path/to/server.pem"

##

## The HTTPS protocol does not allow you to use name-based virtual

## hosting with SSL. If you want to run multiple SSL servers with

## one lighttpd instance you must use IP-based virtual hosting: ::

##

##   $SERVER["socket"] == "10.0.0.1:443" {

##     ssl.engine                  = "enable"

##     ssl.pemfile                 = "/etc/ssl/private/www.example.com.pem"

##     server.name                 = "www.example.com"

##

##     server.document-root        = "/srv/www/vhosts/example.com/www/"

##   }

##

 

## If you have a .crt and a .key file, cat them together into a

## single PEM file:

## $ cat /etc/ssl/private/lighttpd.key /etc/ssl/certs/lighttpd.crt

##   > /etc/ssl/private/lighttpd.pem

##

#ssl.pemfile = "/etc/ssl/private/lighttpd.pem"

 

##

## optionally pass the CA certificate here.

##

##

#ssl.ca-file = ""

 

##

#######################################################################

 

#######################################################################

##

## custom includes like vhosts.

##

#include "conf.d/config.conf"

#include_shell "cat /etc/lighttpd/vhosts.d/*.conf"

##

#######################################################################

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/etc/lighttpd/modules.conf  内容

#######################################################################

##

##  Modules to load

## -----------------

##

## at least mod_access and mod_accesslog should be loaded

## all other module should only be loaded if really neccesary

##

## - saves some time

## - saves memory

##

## the default module set contains:

##

## "mod_indexfile", "mod_dirlisting", "mod_staticfile"

##

## you dont have to include those modules in your list

##

## Modules, which are pulled in via conf.d/*.conf

##

## NOTE: the order of modules is important.

##

## - mod_accesslog     -> conf.d/access_log.conf

## - mod_compress      -> conf.d/compress.conf

## - mod_status        -> conf.d/status.conf

## - mod_webdav        -> conf.d/webdav.conf

## - mod_cml           -> conf.d/cml.conf

## - mod_evhost        -> conf.d/evhost.conf

## - mod_simple_vhost  -> conf.d/simple_vhost.conf

## - mod_mysql_vhost   -> conf.d/mysql_vhost.conf

## - mod_trigger_b4_dl -> conf.d/trigger_b4_dl.conf

## - mod_userdir       -> conf.d/userdir.conf

## - mod_rrdtool       -> conf.d/rrdtool.conf

## - mod_ssi           -> conf.d/ssi.conf

## - mod_cgi           -> conf.d/cgi.conf

## - mod_scgi          -> conf.d/scgi.conf

## - mod_fastcgi       -> conf.d/fastcgi.conf

## - mod_proxy         -> conf.d/proxy.conf

## - mod_secdownload   -> conf.d/secdownload.conf

## - mod_expire        -> conf.d/expire.conf

##

 

server.modules = (

  "mod_access",

#  "mod_alias",

#  "mod_auth",

#  "mod_authn_file",

#  "mod_evasive",

  "mod_redirect",

#  "mod_rewrite",

#  "mod_setenv",

#  "mod_usertrack",

)

 

##

#######################################################################

 

#######################################################################

##

##  Config for various Modules

##

 

##

## mod_geoip

##

#include "conf.d/geoip.conf"

 

##

## mod_ssi

##

#include "conf.d/ssi.conf"

 

##

## mod_status

##

#include "conf.d/status.conf"

 

##

## mod_webdav

##

#include "conf.d/webdav.conf"

 

##

## mod_compress

##

#include "conf.d/compress.conf"

 

##

## mod_userdir

##

#include "conf.d/userdir.conf"

 

##

## mod_magnet

##

#include "conf.d/magnet.conf"

 

##

## mod_cml

##

#include "conf.d/cml.conf"

 

##

## mod_rrdtool

##

#include "conf.d/rrdtool.conf"

 

##

## mod_proxy

##

include "conf.d/proxy.conf"

 

##

## mod_expire

##

#include "conf.d/expire.conf"

 

##

## mod_secdownload

##

#include "conf.d/secdownload.conf"

 

##

#######################################################################

 

#######################################################################

##

## CGI modules

##

 

##

## SCGI (mod_scgi)

##

#include "conf.d/scgi.conf"

 

##

## FastCGI (mod_fastcgi)

##

#include "conf.d/fastcgi.conf"

 

##

## plain old CGI (mod_cgi)

##

#include "conf.d/cgi.conf"

 

##

#######################################################################

 

#######################################################################

##

## VHost Modules

##

##  Only load ONE of them!

## ========================

##

 

##

## You can use conditionals for vhosts aswell.

##

## see

##

 

##

## mod_evhost

##

#include "conf.d/evhost.conf"

 

##

## mod_simple_vhost

##

#include "conf.d/simple_vhost.conf"

 

##

## mod_mysql_vhost

##

#include "conf.d/mysql_vhost.conf"

 

##

#######################################################################

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

查阅音讯

2卡塔尔国 实行cat /etc/issue,举例如下:

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/issue

CentOS release 5.5 (Final)

Kernel r on an m

3卡塔尔(قطر‎ 实施cat /etc/redhat-release ,比如如下:

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release

CentOS release 5.5 (Final)

翻看系统是陆拾位依旧三十二人:

1、getconf LONG_BIT or getconf WORD_BIT

[root@localhost ~]# getconf LONG_BIT

64

 

ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock' (2)

 

 

 

1、看mysql服务是不是在运作:

  由于“socket”文件是由mysql服务运行时创立的,借使提示“E福睿斯RO途达二〇〇三 (HY000卡塔尔: Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '***' (2卡塔尔”,找不到“socket”文件,我们首先要确定的是mysql服务是还是不是正在运维。

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# 1、 端口是否打开

[root@aiezu.com ~]# lsof -i:3306

COMMAND   PID  USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME

mysqld  12207 mysql   14u  IPv4  52350      0t0  TCP *:mysql (LISTEN)

 

# 2、mysqld服务是否正在运行

[root@aiezu.com ~]# service mysqld status

mysqld (pid  4717) is running...

 

# 3、如果mariadb,同样方法查服务是否正在运行:

[root@aiezu.com ~]# service mariadb status

Redirecting to /bin/systemctl status  mariadb.service

● mariadb.service - MariaDB database server

   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; disabled; vendor preset: disabled)

   Active: active (running) since 四 2016-11-03 13:47:37 CST; 23min ago

  

 

 

 

四、故障解决情势:

焚薮而田方案黄金年代:

  改过“/etc/my.cnf”配置文件,在配备文件中丰裕“[client]”选项和“[mysql]”选项,并运用那八个选项下的“socket”参数值,与“[mysqld]”选项下的“socket”参数值,指向的socket文件路线完全豆蔻年华致。如下: 

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[mysqld]

datadir=/storage/db/mysql

socket=/storage/db/mysql/mysql.sock

...省略n行(爱E族)...

 

[client]

default-character-set=utf8

socket=/storage/db/mysql/mysql.sock

 

[mysql]

default-character-set=utf8

socket=/storage/db/mysql/mysql.sock

修正完后,重启mysqld服务,就能够解决此主题素材。  

 

2、明确“socket”文件准确地方:

  鲜明mysql服务符合规律运作后,发生此错误的来由只剩余“socket”文件路线不许确了,大家得以行使“find”命令恐怕“lsof”命令来规定socket文件的科学渠道:

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[root@aiezu.com ~]# lsof  -c mysqld|grep sock$

mysqld 4717 mysql 12u unix 0xffff88010a655b80 0t0 77474827 /storage/db/mysql/mysql.sock

 

[root@aiezu.com ~]# find / -name '*.sock'

/storage/db/mysql/mysql.sock

 

 

焚林而猎方案二:

  使用“ln -s /storage/db/mysql/mysql.sock /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock”命令,将准确的socket文件地方,软链接到提示错误的socket文件路线地点,就能够解决此主题素材:

 

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[root@aiezu.com ~]# ls /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

ls: cannot access /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock: No such file or directory

[root@aiezu.com ~]# ln -s /storage/db/mysql/mysql.sock /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

[root@aiezu.com ~]# ls /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

JDK1.8link:链接: 链接:  

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